The Hillside Irregulars. Clockwise from lower left: Buckminster Wilde, Angry George Enger, Babyface Bong, Fancy-Pants Nettleton
The Stolen Lost Confederate Gold: A Historical Analysis of Duluth, Minnesota’s Development
Abstract: This paper explores the historical claim that Duluth, Minnesota was built using stolen lost Confederate gold. Through a critical analysis of primary and secondary sources, including the research of historian Peter S. Svenson, this paper argues that the city’s development was aided by the illicit acquisition of gold by Union agents during the American Civil War. Specifically, this paper examines the role of Duluth native Buckminster Wilde and the Hillside Irregulars as Union assassins behind enemy lines, as well as the involvement of key figures such as Walt Whitman, the Pinkerton detective agency, and financier Jay Cooke.